How to use QUINDI in Italian

How do you use the word quindi in Italian? What does it mean? How do you pronounce it

In this lesson, we will look at how to use this word along with many audio recordings and example sentences. Read on to learn everything you need to know!

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Quindi in Italian

What is quindi?

Quindi is both an adverb and a conjunction.

As an adverb, it means then as in “he laughed, then he cried”. As a conjunction, it’s translated into English as “so” or “therefore” and it’s used to introduce an effect to a cause. It’s a synonym for dunque.

Quindi
Then; so, therefore

Its pronunciation is close to koo-een-dee. If you have trouble pronouncing Italian sounds, refer to the Italian pronunciation guide.

Now, let’s see a couple of example sentences with quindi in Italian, before taking a look at how to use this word.

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La donna provò un cappello dopo l’altro, quindi lasciò il negozio.
The woman tried on one hat after another, then left the hat shop.

Non posso permettermi di comprare una bicicletta nuova, quindi dovrò arrangiarmi con un vecchio modello.
I can’t afford to buy a new bicycle, so I’ll have to manage with an old model.

Bussò alla porta, quindi entrò.
He knocked on the door, then came in.

Il cane mi ha mangiato il quaderno, quindi non ho fatto i compiti.
The dog ate my notebook, so I didn’t do my homework.

Penso, dunque sono.
I think, therefore I am.

drawing of Descartes

Now let’s see what the use of quindi in Italian is.


Use of quindi in Italian

Quindi can start a sentence, end a sentence, or be used to introduce a subordinate clause. In the second and third cases, it is always preceded by a virgola, a comma.

When it starts a sentence, it serves to introduce an assumption or a conclusion to someone else’s statement.

Quindi non hai passato l’esame?
So you didn’t pass the exam?

It’s used at the end of a statement to end a thought that you say out loud.

Non hai passato l’esame, quindi… Avresti potuto studiare di più.
You didn’t pass the exam, then. You could have studied more.

When it starts a subordinate clause, remember to add a comma before it.

Non ho studiato, quindi non ho passato l’esame.
I didn’t study, so I didn’t pass the exam.

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As a question, quindi in Italian is used to invite someone to keep talking.

Quindi?
So?

woman wondering about something

However, there’s a very popular expression in Italian that goes e quindi?, translating into English as “and so?”. People use it when they want someone to get to the point and are getting a little impatient.

E quindi?
And so?

And that’s it, now you know how to use quindi in Italian!


What next?

Now that you’ve seen how to use quindi in Italian, you might want to keep learning Italian online with these free Italian resources:

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