When to use the preposition DI in Italian

When do you use the preposition di in Italian? Are there any tricks you can learn to avoid mistakes?

Di sera
In the evening

Di Torino
From Turin

Del pane
Some bread

different kinds of bread - preposition "di" in italian

Learn everything you need to know about this preposition and its variants here!


Preposition di in Italian

How to use the preposition di in Italian

Let me start with a general explanation of how prepositions work in this language.

Every preposition in Italian can either be semplice, simple, or articolata, “with article”.

Italian simple prepositions are what you probably already know as prepositions: DI, A, DA, IN, CON, SU, PER, TRA, FRA.

Sono di Torino.
I’m from Turin.

When needed, any of these prepositions can be followed by an indefinite article, which will be placed in front of them as a word of its own.

Questa è la pagina di un libro.
This is the page of a book.

two open books

When used in a sentence, however, DI, A, DA, IN and SU cannot be directly followed by a definite article. The definite article will fuse with these prepositions to create what is called a preposizione articolata, “preposition with article”.

Le pagine del libro sono strappate.
The pages of the book are torn.
(Di + il)

Gli occhi della maestra sono azzurri.
The teacher’s eyes are pale blue.
(Di + la)

You cannot say:

Le pagine di il libro sono strappate.
Gli occhi di la maestra sono azzurri.

Remember: if you need to use a definite article in front of DI, A, DA, IN and SU, you will need to fuse the article with the preposition itself.

PER, TRA and FRA are never fused with a definite article, so they only exist in their simple form.

C’è una tavola calda tra la lavanderia e il supermercato.
There’s a diner between the laundry and the supermarket.

Questo regalo è per te.
This gift is for you.

couple exchanging gifts

CON can only fuse with the masculine singular article il, forming the preposition COL. Any other variant is not allowed.

That said, how many variants are there of the preposition di in Italian? Take a look at the following table.

Preposition di in Italian

Dideldellodelladeideglidelle
+illolaiglile

Title: Italian All-in-One For Dummies
Language: English / Italian
Publisher: For Dummies
Pages: 672

Learn to speak Italian like a native? Easy.
Italian All-in-One For Dummies appeals to those readers looking for a comprehensive, all-encompassing guide to mastering the Italian language. It contains content from all For Dummies Italian language instruction titles, including Italian For Dummies, Intermediate Italian For Dummies, Italian Verbs For Dummies, Italian Phrases For Dummies, Italian Grammar For Dummies, and Italian For Dummies Audio Set.

Since there’s a preposizione articolata for each definite article, there are a total of 7 variants of the preposition di in Italian.

For example, you could say…

Il Signore degli Anelli è il mio libro preferito.
The Lord of the Rings is my favorite book.

Luca è alla fermata dell’autobus.
Luca is at the bus stop.

green and grey bus

Don’t worry. It all sounds so tiresome, but I assure you it’s not!

Now that we’ve seen how to use the preposition di in Italian, let’s see when you can use it.


When to use the preposition di in Italian

As you probably already know, the Italian preposition di roughly translates to the English preposition of. However, there are many cases where this rule does not apply.

At first glance, it might be hard to understand when and how to use this preposition. As you will see in a moment, however, there are quite a few rules that specify exactly when you have to use di in your sentence. You have to use DI and its variants with an article…

  • as partitive articles for specifying quantity
  • to introduce the owner of something
  • to specify the city you are from when using essere
  • to introduce a reason or a state of being
  • after comparatives (“than”)
  • to describe what something is made of
  • to specify the age of a person
  • before introducing parts of the day
  • to introduce a topic
  • before some infinitive verbs
confused boy

Che confusione! That can be… quite overwhelming, so let me make a few real-life examples for each of the given situations.


Preposition di in Italian for every situation

As partitive articles for specifying quantity, as a synonym for the English word some

Ho preparato degli spiedini per stasera.
I made some meat skewers for tonight.

Sono rimasti dei pasticcini nel frigo.
There are some pastries left in the fridge.

Delle ragazze stavano chiacchierando in fondo al corridoio.
Some girls were chatting down the hall.

To introduce the owner of something…

La coda del cane è bianca con macchie marroni.
The tail of the dog is white with brown spots.

Il salotto di casa mia è molto ampio.
The living room in [of] my house is very large.

Mi piacciono i libri di Stephen King.
I like Stephen King’s books.

bookcase full of colored books

To specify the city you are from when using essere

Io sono di Livorno, e tu?
I’m from Livorno, are you?

Sono di Firenze. Piacere di conoscerti!
I’m from Florence. Nice to meet you!

To introduce a reason or a state of being

Sto morendo di caldo. Puoi aprire la finestra?
I’m dying of heat. Can you open the window?

Molte persone muoiono di fame ogni giorno.
Many people starve to death every day.

hungry mother and son sitting at a table

After comparatives, translating the English word than

Mio fratello è più alto di me.
My brother is taller than me.

Alessandro è il più bravo della classe.
Alexander is the best in the class.

Il ghepardo è più veloce del leone.
A cheetah is faster than a lion.

To describe what something is made of

Questo capanno è di legno.
This shed is made of wood.

I bicchierini di plastica inquinano l’ambiente.
Plastic cups pollute the environment.

To specify the age of a person…

Qual è il regalo migliore per una bambina di 5 anni?
What is the best gift for a 5-year-old girl?

Demetrio è un ragazzo di 16 anni.
Demetrio is a 16-year-old boy.

smiling boy with roller skates

Before introducing parts of the day

Di sera mi piace coricarmi sul divano e guardare la tv.
At night I like to lie down on the couch and watch TV.

Erano le tre del pomeriggio quando è arrivato il postino.
It was three o’clock in the afternoon when the mailman arrived.

To introduce a topic

Abbiamo parlato di tante cose.
We talked about many things.

A Paolo piace parlare di treni a vapore.
Paul likes to talk about steam trains.

Before some infinitive verbs

Non ti ho detto di chiudere la finestra, ma di chiudere le tende!
I didn’t tell you to close the window, but to close the curtains!

Sono stanco. Penso di andare a letto presto.
I am tired. I think I’m going to bed early.

two people yawning in front of each other

These are the main rules that you need to follow for using the preposition di in Italian correctly. And if you still aren’t sure if you can use it in a sentence, remember that the other Italian prepositions have their own rules. You can go by exclusion, andare per esclusione!

And that’s it with the preposition di in Italian! If you still have any doubts, feel free to leave a comment.


What next?

Now that you’ve seen how and when to use the preposition di in Italian, you might want to keep learning Italian online with these free Italian resources:

Or you might also want an excellent offline Italian grammar resource to take with you at all times (Amazon).

Aiuta Lingookies con un 👍!

❤️ If you liked this guide on the preposition di in Italian, consider sharing it with your social media friends who are also studying Italian.

Leave a Comment