How do you say are you married in Italian?

Are you married in Italian

Singular: Sei sposato? Sei sposata?

Sei sposato? and sei sposata? are the translations for are you married in Italian when you are addressing only a person you are on familiar terms with. You can use this sentence with relatives and friends, but not with strangers to whom you have to show respect.

Sei sposato?
Are you married?
(singular, informal, masculine)

Sei sposata?
Are you married?
(singular, informal, feminine)

husband and wife watching the recording of their wedding ceremony

The reason why there are two forms of the adjective “married” is that unlike English, Italian has two genders: masculine and feminine.

All nouns and adjectives must agree with this gender. So if you’re talking to a man, you will use sposato, because that’s the masculine adjective. If you’re talking to a woman, you will use sposata, because that’s the feminine form of the adjective.

Sei sposata, Stefania? Hai figli?
Are you married, Stefania? Do you have children?

Sei sposato, Luca? Vedo che hai una fede al dito!
Are you married, Luca? I see you have a wedding ring on your finger!

two newlyweds showing their wedding rings

Plural: Siete sposati? Siete sposate?

Siete sposati? and siete sposate? are the translations for are you married in Italian when you are addressing a group of 2+ people.

Siete sposati?
Are you married?
(plural, masculine)

Siete sposate?
Are you married?
(plural, feminine)

In Italian, unlike English, there are two kinds of “you”. There’s a singular “you” and then there’s a plural “you”. If you are talking to a group, you will need to conjugate any verb or pronoun accordingly, and don’t forget the gender!

Look again at the conjugation table. The subject pronoun for the second person plural is voi, and its essere verb conjugation is siete.

As said, we’ll also have to change the gender of the adjective itself to make it plural:

  • sposati, masculine plural
  • sposate, feminine plural
two merried men

There’s another caveat here.
You will use the masculine form of the adjective if there’s at least one male person in the group you are talking to.
If there are only women in the group, then use the female form of the adjective.

Giorgio, Andrea, siete sposati?
Giorgio, Andrea, are you married?

Carla, Sandra, siete sposate?
Carla, Sandra, are you married?

Polite: È sposato? È sposata?

If you are just visiting Italy and often meet new people, unless you both agree to use the informal pronoun tu you will have to stick to the polite pronoun Lei when talking to other adults and people you are not on familiar terms with. With kids, it’s customary to use tu regardless of familiarity.

This is the equivalent of the English pronoun she. Basically, when speaking formally, Italians address each other with the subject “she”, lei.

That said, how do you formally say are you married in Italian?

È sposato?
Are you married?
(singular, polite, masculine)

È sposata?
Are you married?
(singular, polite, feminine)

For example, you can ask…

Lei è sposato, signor Franchi?
Are you married, Mr. Franchi?

man working at computer and watching a man bringing flowers at the door

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