When to use the preposition DA in Italian

When do you use the preposition da in Italian? Are there any tricks you can learn to avoid making mistakes?

Da domani
Starting tomorrow

Da Firenze
From Florence

Da tre minuti
Since three minutes ago

grey tube clock showing 7:36 pm

Learn all about the da preposition in Italian and its variants here!


Preposition da in Italian

How to use the preposition da in Italian

Let me start with a general explanation of how prepositions work in this language.

Every preposition in Italian can be either semplice, simple, or articolata, “with article”.

Italian simple prepositions are what you probably already know as prepositions: DI, A, DA, IN, CON, SU, PER, TRA, FRA.

Vengo da Venezia.
I come from Venice.

If necessary, any of these prepositions can be followed by an indefinite article, which is placed in front of the preposition as a separate word.

Sono stato morso da un cane.
I was bitten by a dog.

boy being bitten on his back by a dog

However, when used in a sentence, DI, A, DA, IN and SU cannot be followed directly by a definite article. The definite article merges with these prepositions to form what is called a preposizione articolata, “preposition with an article”.

Il ladro entra dalla finestra.
The thief comes in through the window.
(DA + la)

Ci sono tre metri dal divano al televisore.
There are three meters from the sofa to the TV.
(DA + il)

You cannot say:

Il ladro entra da la finestra.
Ci sono tre metri da il divano a il televisore.

Remember: if you need to use a definite article before DI, A, DA, IN and SU, you must merge the article with the preposition itself.

PER, TRA and FRA are never merged with a definite article, so they exist only in their simple form.

Spegni il fuoco tra dieci minuti.
Turn off the heat in 10 minutes.

Questo regalo è per te.
This gift is for you.

couple exchanging gifts

CON can only merge with the masculine singular article il to form the preposition COL. No other variants are allowed.

That said, how many variants are there of the preposition da in Italian? Have a look at the table below.

Preposition da in Italian

DAdaldallodalladaidaglidalle
+illolaiglile

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Because there is a preposizione articolata for each definite article, there are a total of 7 variations of the preposition da in Italian.

For example, you could say…

L’ufficio rimarrà chiuso dalle 8 alle 12.
The office will be closed from 8 a.m. to noon.

Vengo dagli Stati Uniti.
I come from the United States.

president of the USA making a speech

Don’t worry. It all sounds so tiresome, but I assure you it’s not!

Now that we’ve seen how to use the preposition da in Italian, let’s see when you can use it.


When to use the preposition da in Italian

As you probably already know, the Italian preposition da is roughly equivalent to the English preposition from. However, there are many cases where this rule does not apply.

At first glance, it can be difficult to understand when and how to use this preposition. However, as you will see, there are a number of rules that tell you exactly when to use da in a sentence. You must use in and its variants with an article…

  • to indicate a starting point or source
  • to translate since and for
  • to translate the agent in the passive voice
  • to describe the function of something
  • to specify a place you walk/drive/pass through
  • to indicate the reason for an emotion you’re feeling
  • to introduce someone you are visiting
  • to introduce someone’s age with certain adjectives
  • to describe people
  • to compare things
confused boy

Che confusione! This can be… quite overwhelming, so let me give you some real-life examples for each of the given situations.


Preposition da in Italian for every situation

To indicate a starting point or source, especially with the verb venire

Siamo partiti da casa alle 8. Saremo lì verso mezzogiorno.
We left home at 8 a.m. We will be there around noon.

Vengo da un paesino in provincia di Pescara.
I come from a small town in the province of Pescara.

Da dove viene questo rumore?
Where is this noise coming from?

unhappy man surrounded by noisy people and listening to music

To translate since and for

Lavoro in questo ufficio dal 2009.
I’ve been working in this office since 2009.

È da un’ora che ti aspetto!
I’ve been waiting for you for an hour!

Piove da quasi due giorni.
It has been raining for almost two days.

To translate the agent in the passive voice (“by”)…

Paolo è stato punto da una medusa ed è andato in ospedale.
Paul was stung by a jellyfish and went to the hospital.

Giorgio viene fermato dalla polizia.
Giorgio is stopped by the police.

policeman on a white bike

To describe the function of something…

Ci sono due martelli sul tavolo da lavoro.
There are two hammers on the workbench.

Hai visto i miei occhiali da lettura?
Have you seen my reading glasses?

Mio zio ha un cavallo da tiro.
My uncle owns a draft horse.

To indicate a place you walk/drive/pass through

Se passi dal centro del paese, fai attenzione ai vigili.
If you pass through the town center, be careful of the vigilantes.

L’aria entra dalla finestra.
Air enters through the window.

woman near an opened window

To specify the reason for an emotion you’re feeling…

Vincenzo si mise a urlare dalla rabbia.
Vincenzo began to shout in anger.

Adele saltellò sul posto dalla felicità.
Adele jumped on the spot for happiness.

To introduce someone you are visiting

Verrò da te verso le tre, sei a casa per quell’ora?
I’ll come to you around 3 o’clock, will you be you home by then?

Dovrei andare dal parrucchiere a farmi tagliare i capelli.
I should go to the hairdresser and get a haircut.

Dormo spesso dalla nonna.
I often sleep at grandma’s.

boy sleeping with his cat

To introduce someone’s age with certain adjectives

Stefano, che cosa vuoi fare da grande?
Stephen, what do you want to be when you grow up?

Da bambino mi piaceva spesso andare a pescare con papà.
When I was a child, I often liked to go fishing with Dad.

To describe people

Valerio è un bel ragazzo dagli occhi verdi.
Valerio is a handsome boy with green eyes.

L’assassino è un uomo dai capelli rossi.
The murderer is a red-haired man.

To compare things

Il testo che hai scritto è completamente diverso da quello che ti ho dettato!
The text you wrote is completely different from what I dictated to you!

These are the main rules you need to follow to use the preposition da correctly in Italian. And if you’re still not sure if you can use it in a sentence, remember that the other Italian prepositions have their own rules. You can go by exclusion, andare per esclusione!

And that’s the end of our lesson on the preposition da in Italian! If you still have any doubts, feel free to leave a comment.


What next?

Now that you’ve seen how and when to use the preposition da in Italian, you might want to keep learning Italian online with these free Italian resources:

Or you might also want an excellent offline Italian grammar resource to take with you at all times (Amazon).

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