How exactly do you say closed in Italian?
In this lesson, we will take a look at how to use this word in Italian. Read on to learn all you need to know!
Let’s get started! Iniziamo!
Closed in Italian
Chiuso is how you translate closed into Italian. Let’s listen to how this adjective is pronounced.
Its pronunciation is similar to kee-uh-soh and it comes from the Latin word clausus, which is the past participle of claudere, meaning “to close”. Make sure the final -o has a clean sound, because Italian vowel sounds are clean!
Like all other adjectives in Italian, chiuso needs to match the gender and number of the noun.
If a drawer is closed, you would say chiuso because drawer, cassetto, is a masculine noun in Italian.
Likewise, you will say chiusa, if you’re talking about a door, porta, which is a feminine noun.
Plural nouns behave the same way: if you want to describe a group of closed cupboards (armadietti, masculine plural), use chiusi. If you’re talking about some closed boxes (scatole, feminine plural), use chiuse instead.
Chiuso can also be used as a past participle in compound tenses like the passato prossimo. For example, you can use it to translate “I have closed”.
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For example, you could say…
Il negozio è chiuso al giovedì pomeriggio.
The store is closed on Thursday afternoons.
La porta è chiusa a chiave.
The door is locked.
Queste vie sono chiuse al traffico.
These streets are closed to traffic.
Molti musei sono chiusi il lunedì.
Many museums are closed on Mondays.
To translate “to close” as a verb, use chiudere.
Potresti chiudere la finestra?
Could you close the window?
Hai chiuso a chiave la porta di ingresso?
Have you locked the front door?
Common expressions featuring closed in Italian
There are some common idiomatic expressions featuring the words for to close and closed in Italian. Among them, you can find…
- chiudere a chiave, to lock
- chiudere i conti, to balance the books
- chiudere un occhio, to turn a blind eye to [sb/sth]
- tenere la bocca chiusa, to keep your mouth shut
- comprare a scatola chiusa, to buy [sth] sight unseen
- odore di chiuso, “stuffy smell”
For example, you could say…
Hai mai comprato un abito a scatola chiusa?
Have you ever bought a suit sight unseen?
C’è odore di chiuso qui dentro. Apro un po’ le finestre?
It smells stuffy in here. Shall I open the windows a little?
And that’s the end of our lesson on how to say closed in Italian!
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