How exactly do you say clean in Italian?
In this lesson, we will take a look at the different words you can use to talk about being clean in Italian. Read on to learn all you need to know!
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Clean in Italian
Pulito is how you translate clean into Italian. Let’s hear how this adjective is pronounced.
Its pronunciation is similar to poo-lee-toh and it’s the past participle of the verb pulire, “to clean”. It comes from the Latin word polire, “to polish, clean”. Make sure the final -o has a clean sound, because Italian vowel sounds are clean!
Like all other adjectives in Italian, pulito needs to match the gender and number of the noun.
If a man is clean, you will say pulito because man, uomo, is a masculine noun in Italian.
Likewise, if you’re talking about a woman, donna, which is a feminine noun, you will say pulita.
Plural nouns behave the same way: if you want to describe a group of clean glasses, bicchieri (masculine plural), use puliti. If you’re talking about some clean windows, finestre (feminine plural), use pulite instead.
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For example, you can say…
Mia figlia tiene sempre pulita la sua cameretta.
My little sisters are a bit lazy.
Luca indossa sempre abiti puliti quando esce.
Luca always wears clean clothes when he goes out.
Alessandro mantiene pulito il suo giardino.
Alessandro keeps his garden clean.
Le finestre sono pulite.
The windows are clean.
Pulito is related to pulizia, “cleanliness” or “cleaning”. There are two common expressions with it: pulizie di primavera (spring cleaning) and donna delle pulizie (cleaning lady). For example, you can say:
Mi sono presa una giornata libera per le pulizie di primavera.
I took a day off for spring cleaning.
C’è molta polvere in casa. Dovrei assumere una donna delle pulizie.
There is a lot of dust in the house. I should hire a cleaning lady.
Other translations for clean in Italian
There are a number of synonyms you can use instead of pulito. The most common are…
Clean (more formal)
Clear, clean (especially for talking about the sky)
Depending on context, clean can also be translated as sereno (calm, clear, serene) or even onesto (honest).
For example, you can say…
Il cielo era terso e spirava una debole brezza.
The sky was clear and a faint breeze was blowing.
Paolo si è ritrovato coinvolto in affari poco puliti.
Paul found himself involved in murky (lit. not much clean) dealings.
And that’s the end of our lesson on how to say clean in Italian!
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